Asthma – is usually a Greek word that means “sharp breath.” Asthma Attack is a condition that affects the airways – the small tubes that carry air in and out of the lungs. Asthma is a chronic and incurable respiratory disease that constricts and inflames the airways. This causes excess mucus to form in the lungs and a narrowing of the airways that causes the symptoms of Asthma attack. A severe constriction of the airways, often caused by allergens or excessive exercise, is called an asthma attack.
When a person with asthma comes into contact with something that irritates their airways (an asthma trigger), the muscles around the walls of the airways tighten so that the airways become narrower and the lining of the airways becomes inflamed and starts to swell.
Sometimes sticky mucus or phlegm builds up which can further narrow the airways. All these reactions cause the airways to become narrower and irritated – making it difficult to breathe and leading to symptoms of asthma.
What are the symptoms of an Asthma attack?
The symptoms of asthma can sometimes range from mild to severe life-threatening. It is a disease that affects the respiratory system of the human organism. Asthma makes the airways more constrained and makes them more narrowed down.
The usual symptoms of asthma are:
- Shortness / lack of proper breath
- Tightness in the chest
- Prolonged termination of breath
- Fast heart beat
- Chest inflation
Not everyone will get all of these symptoms. Some people experience them from time to time; a few people may experience these symptoms all the time. Generally, the most common symptom which is associated with asthma can be felt with the tightness sensation in the chest.
Types of Asthma attack
Asthma can be of two types. One is extrinsic and the other is intrinsic.
Extrinsic is considered as the most common form of asthma which is usually caused due to allergies and also due to the use of certain allergens to diagnose the allergies. This form of asthma is very much prone during the early stage of one’s development which gradually gets reduced with the advancement of the age.
Intrinsic Asthma, the other form of asthma can be traced out through certain infections in the respiratory tract.